Sometimes nerves become compressed or irritated by other structures in the body. They become pinched between tight muscles and bones, or irritated by friction with other structures. This can cause pain, numbness, tingling or pins and needles.
Examples of more common cases of nerve impingement are sciatica – where nerves in the lower back are pinched as they leave the vertebrae, causing shooting pain, numbness or pins and needles down the legs. Carpal tunnel syndrome is another example, where the nerves are pinched in the carpal tunnel at the base of the wrist, causing these symptoms in the hand.
Treating nerve impingement
If you experience pain, numbness, pins and needles or tingling regularly in a certain area, consult a medical professional.
Because there are so many different ways in which nerves can be impinged on, treatments vary. For example carpal tunnel syndrome may be treated surgically, or by wearing a brace that holds the wrist in a position that limits the impingement of the nerve. If the impingement is caused by a tight muscle, then massage can be an effective treatment.